Fast Company Magazine May 2011 Issue 156 | "The 100 Most Creative People in Business"

The 100 Most Creative People in Business

Creativity in business and the culture today takes many forms. Through our standout honorees from every corner of business and the globe, we explore all of them.

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Manifestação em Espanha



Dossier | Especial BBC: União Europeia



Arguments from Global Warming skeptics vs. what the science really says

Here is a summary of skeptic arguments, sorted by recent popularity vs what science says. Note that the one line responses are just a starting point - click the response for a more detailed response. You can also view them sorted by taxonomy, by popularity, in a print-friendly version, with short URLs or with fixed numbers you can use for permanent references.

Skeptic Argument vs What the Science Says 1 “It’s the sun” In the last 35 years of global warming, sun and climate have been going in opposite directions 2 “Climate’s changed before” Climate reacts to whatever forces it to change at the time; humans are now the dominant forcing. 3 “It’s not bad” Negative impacts of global warming on agriculture, health & environment far outweigh any positives. 4 “There is no consensus” 97% of climate experts agree humans are causing global warming. 5 “It’s cooling” The last decade 2000-2009 was the hottest on record. 6 “Models are unreliable” Models successfully reproduce temperatures since 1900 globally, by land, in the air and the ocean. 7 “Temp record is unreliable” The warming trend is the same in rural and urban areas, measured by thermometers and satellites. 8 “Animals and plants can adapt” Global warming will cause mass extinctions of species that cannot adapt on short time scales. 9 “It hasn’t warmed since 1998” For global records, 2010 is the hottest year on record, tied with 2005. 10 “Antarctica is gaining ice” Satellites measure Antarctica losing land ice at an accelerating rate. 11 “Ice age predicted in the 70s” The vast majority of climate papers in the 1970s predicted warming. 12 “CO2 lags temperature” CO2 didn’t initiate warming from past ice ages but it did amplify the warming. 13 “We’re heading into an ice age” Worry about global warming impacts in the next 100 years, not an ice age in over 10,000 years. 14 “Ocean acidification isn’t serious”

Past history shows that when CO2 rises quickly, there was mass extinctions of coral reefs.

15 “Hurricanes aren’t linked to global warming” There is increasing evidence that hurricanes are getting stronger due to global warming. 16 “Hockey stick is broken” Recent studies agree that recent global temperatures are unprecedented in the last 1000 years. 17 “Glaciers are growing” Most glaciers are retreating, posing a serious problem for millions who rely on glaciers for water. 18 “Al Gore got it wrong” Al Gore book is quite accurate, and far more accurate than contrarian books. 19 “Climate sensitivity is low” Net positive feedback is confirmed by many different lines of evidence. 20 “1934 - hottest year on record” 1934 was one of the hottest years in the US, not globally. 21 “It’s cosmic rays” Cosmic rays show no trend over the last 30 years & have had little impact on recent global warming. 22 “It’s freaking cold!” A local cold day has nothing to do with the long-term trend of increasing global temperatures. 23 “Climategate CRU emails suggest conspiracy” A number of investigations have cleared scientists of any wrongdoing in the media-hyped email incident. 24 “Sea level rise is exaggerated” A variety of different measurements find steadily rising sea levels over the past century. 25 “Extreme weather isn’t caused by global warming” Extreme weather events are being made more frequent and worse by global warming. 26 “It’s Urban Heat Island effect” Urban and rural regions show the same warming trend. 27 “Mars is warming” Mars is not warming globally. 28 “Arctic icemelt is a natural cycle” Thick arctic sea ice is undergoing a rapid retreat. 29 “CO2 effect is weak” The strong CO2 effect has been observed by many different measurements. 30 “It’s a 1500 year cycle” Ancient natural cycles are irrelevant for attributing recent global warming to humans. 31 “Medieval Warm Period was warmer” Globally averaged temperature now is higher than global temperature in medieval times. 32 “Oceans are cooling” The most recent ocean measurements show consistent warming. 33 “Human CO2 is a tiny % of CO2 emissions” The natural cycle adds and removes CO2 to keep a balance; humans add extra CO2 without removing any. 34 “Water vapor is the most powerful greenhouse gas”

Rising CO2 increases atmospheric water vapor, which makes global warming much worse.

35 “Greenland was green” Other parts of the earth got colder when Greenland got warmer. 36 “Polar bear numbers are increasing” Polar bears are in danger of extinction as well as many other species. 37 “Greenland is gaining ice” Greenland on the whole is losing ice, as confirmed by satellite measurement. 38 “IPCC is alarmist” The IPCC summarizes the recent research by leading scientific experts. 39 “Other planets are warming” Mars and Jupiter are not warming, and anyway the sun has recently been cooling slightly. 40 “There’s no empirical evidence” There are multiple lines of direct observations that humans are causing global warming. 41 “It’s not happening”

There are many lines of evidence indicating global warming is unequivocal.

42 “CO2 limits will harm the economy”

The benefits of a price on carbon outweigh the costs several times over.

43 “We’re coming out of the Little Ice Age”

Scientists have determined that the factors which caused the Little Ice Age cooling are not currently causing global warming

44 “It cooled mid-century” Mid-century cooling involved aerosols and is irrelevant for recent global warming. 45 “Arctic sea ice has recovered” Thick arctic sea ice is in rapid retreat. 46 “CO2 is not a pollutant”

Through its impacts on the climate, CO2 presents a danger to public health and welfare, and thus qualifies as an air pollutant

47 “There’s no correlation between CO2 and temperature” There is long-term correlation between CO2 and global temperature; other effects are short-term. 48 “Satellites show no warming in the troposphere” The most recent satellite data show that the earth as a whole is warming. 49 “It warmed before 1940 when CO2 was low” Early 20th century warming is due to several causes, including rising CO2. 50 “CO2 is plant food” The effects of enhanced CO2 on terrestrial plants are variable and complex and dependent on numerous factors 51 “CO2 was higher in the past” When CO2 was higher in the past, the sun was cooler. 52 “Mt. Kilimanjaro’s ice loss is due to land use” Most glaciers are in rapid retreat worldwide, notwithstanding a few complicated cases. 53 “It’s aerosols” Aerosols have been masking global warming, which would be worse otherwise. 54 “There’s no tropospheric hot spot” We see a clear “short-term hot spot” - there’s various evidence for a “long-term hot spot”. 55 “2009-2010 winter saw record cold spells” A cold day in Chicago in winter has nothing to do with the trend of global warming. 56 “It’s Pacific Decadal Oscillation” The PDO shows no trend, and therefore the PDO is not responsible for the trend of global warming. 57 “It’s El Niño” El Nino has no trend and so is not responsible for the trend of global warming. 58 “Scientists can’t even predict weather” Weather and climate are different; climate predictions do not need weather detail. 59 “2nd law of thermodynamics contradicts greenhouse theory” The 2nd law of thermodynamics is consistent with the greenhouse effect which is directly observed. 60 “IPCC were wrong about Himalayan glaciers”

Glaciers are in rapid retreat worldwide, despite 1 error in 1 paragraph in a 1000 page IPCC report.

61 “It’s a natural cycle” No known natural forcing fits the fingerprints of observed warming except anthropogenic greenhouse gases. 62 “IPCC were wrong about Amazon rainforests” The IPCC statement on Amazon rainforests was correct, and was incorrectly reported in some media. 63 “CO2 limits will hurt the poor”

Those who contribute the least greenhouse gases will be most impacted by climate change.

64 “Greenland ice sheet won’t collapse” When Greenland was 3 to 5 degrees C warmer than today, a large portion of the Ice Sheet melted. 65 “It’s the ocean” The oceans are warming and moreover are becoming more acidic, threatening the food chain. 66 “Sea level rise predictions are exaggerated” Sea level rise is now increasing faster than predicted due to unexpectedly rapid ice melting. 67 “CO2 effect is saturated” Direct measurements find that rising CO2 is trapping more heat. 68 “It’s not us” Multiple sets of independent observations find a human fingerprint on climate change. 69 “Corals are resilient to bleaching” Globally about 1% of coral is dying out each year. 70 “Greenhouse effect has been falsified” The greenhouse effect is standard physics and confirmed by observations. 71 “Volcanoes emit more CO2 than humans” Humans emit 100 times more CO2 than volcanoes. 72 “Clouds provide negative feedback” Evidence is building that net cloud feedback is likely positive and unlikely to be strongly negative. 73 “CO2 has a short residence time” Excess CO2 from human emissions has a long residence time of over 100 years 74 “Neptune is warming” And the sun is cooling. 75 “Jupiter is warming” Jupiter is not warming, and anyway the sun is cooling. 76 “Humidity is falling” Multiple lines of independent evidence indicate humidity is rising and provides positive feedback. 77 “Springs aren’t advancing” Hundreds of flowers across the UK are flowering earlier now than any time in 250 years. 78 “It’s land use” Land use plays a minor role in climate change, although carbon sequestration may help to mitigate. 79 “500 scientists refute the consensus” Around 97% of climate experts agree that humans are causing global warming. 80 “CO2 measurements are suspect” CO2 levels are measured by hundreds of stations across the globe, all reporting the same trend. 81 “CO2 is not increasing” CO2 is increasing rapidly, and is reaching levels not seen on the earth for millions of years. 82 “Record snowfall disproves global warming” Warming leads to increased evaporation and precipitation, which falls as increased snow in winter. 83 “It’s methane” Methane plays a minor role in global warming but could get much worse if permafrost starts to melt. 84 “Scientists tried to ‘hide the decline’ in global temperature” The ‘decline’ refers to a decline in northern tree-rings, not global temperature, and is openly discussed in papers and the IPCC reports. 85 “Pluto is warming” And the sun has been recently cooling. 86 “Solar Cycle Length proves its the sun” The sun has not warmed since 1970 and so cannot be driving global warming. 87 “Arctic was warmer in 1940”

The actual data show high northern latitudes are warmer today than in 1940.

88 “CO2 is coming from the ocean” The ocean is absorbing massive amounts of CO2, and is becoming more acidic as a result. 89 “The science isn’t settled” That human CO2 is causing global warming is known with high certainty & confirmed by observations. 90 “IPCC overestimate temperature rise” Monckton used the IPCC equation in an inappropriate manner. 91 “It’s soot”

Soot stays in the atmosphere for days to weeks; carbon dioxide causes warming for centuries.

92 “It’s microsite influences” Microsite influences on temperature changes are minimal; good and bad sites show the same trend. 93 “Global warming stopped in 1998, 1995, 2002, 2007, 2010, ????”

Global temperature is still rising and 2010 was the hottest recorded.

94 “Dropped stations introduce warming bias” If the dropped stations had been kept, the temperature would actually be slightly higher. 95 “It’s albedo” Albedo change in the Arctic, due to receding ice, is increasing global warming. 96 “Tree-rings diverge from temperature after 1960” This is a detail that is complex, local, and irrelevant to the observed global warming trend. 97 “Humans are too insignificant to affect global climate” Humans are small but powerful, and human CO2 emissions are causing global warming. 98 “CO2 is not the only driver of climate” Theory, models and direct measurement confirm CO2 is currently the main driver of climate change. 99 “Lindzen and Choi find low climate sensitivity” Lindzen and Choi’s paper is viewed as unacceptably flawed by other climate scientists. 100 “Southern sea ice is increasing” Antarctic sea ice has grown in recent decades despite the Southern Ocean warming at the same time. 101 “It’s global brightening” This is a complex aerosol effect with unclear temperature significance. 102 “Renewable energy is too expensive”

When you account for all of the costs associated with burning coal and other fossil fuels, like air pollution and health effects, in reality they are significantly more expensive than most renewable energy sources.

103 “Phil Jones says no global warming since 1995” Phil Jones was misquoted. 104 “It’s a climate regime shift” There is no evidence that climate has chaotic “regimes” on a long-term basis. 105 “Less than half of published scientists endorse global warming” Around 97% of climate experts agree that humans are causing global warming. 106 “Peer review process was corrupted” An Independent Review concluded that CRU’s actions were normal and didn’t threaten the integrity of peer review. 107 “Hansen’s 1988 prediction was wrong” Jim Hansen had several possible scenarios; his mid-level scenario B was right. 108 “CO2 limits will make little difference”

If every nation agrees to limit CO2 emissions, we can achieve significant cuts on a global scale.

109 “They changed the name from global warming to climate change” 'Global warming' and 'climate change' mean different things and have both been used for decades. 110 “Arctic sea ice loss is matched by Antarctic sea ice gain” Arctic sea ice loss is three times greater than Antarctic sea ice gain. 111 “Solar cycles cause global warming” Over recent decades, the sun has been slightly cooling & is irrelevant to recent global warming. 112 “It’s not urgent”

A large amount of warming is delayed, and if we don’t act now we could pass tipping points.

113 “Ice isn’t melting”

Arctic sea ice has shrunk by an area equal to Western Australia, and might be all gone in a decade.

114 “Earth hasn’t warmed as much as expected” This argument ignores the cooling effect of aerosols and the planet’s thermal inertia. 115 “Freedom of Information (FOI) requests were ignored” An independent inquiry found CRU is a small research unit with limited resources and their rigour and honesty are not in doubt. 116 “Over 31,000 scientists signed the OISM Petition Project” The ‘OISM petition’ was signed by only a few climatologists. 117 “It’s too hard” Scientific studies have determined that current technology is sufficient to reduce greenhouse gas emissions enough to avoid dangerous climate change. 118 “Naomi Oreskes’ study on consensus was flawed” Benny Peiser, the Oreskes critic, retracted his criticism. 119 “Ice Sheet losses are overestimated” A number of independent measurements find extensive ice loss from Antarctica and Greenland. 120 “Sea level rise is decelerating”

Global sea level data shows that sea level rise has been increasing since 1880 while future sea level rise predictions are based on physics, not statistics.

121 “Trenberth can’t account for the lack of warming” Trenberth is talking about the details of energy flow, not whether global warming is happening. 122 “Climate is chaotic and cannot be predicted” Weather is chaotic but climate is driven by Earth’s energy imbalance, which is more predictable. 123 “IPCC ‘disappeared’ the Medieval Warm Period”

The IPCC simply updated their temperature history graphs to show the best data available at the time.

124 “Satellite error inflated Great Lakes temperatures” Temperature errors in the Great Lakes region are not used in any global temperature records. 125 “Melting ice isn’t warming the Arctic” Melting ice leads to more sunlight being absorbed by water, thus heating the Arctic. 126 “The IPCC consensus is phoney”

113 nations signed onto the 2007 IPCC report, which is simply a summary of the current body of climate science evidence

127 “Soares finds lack of correlation between CO2 and temperature” Soares looks at short-term trends which are swamped by natural variations while ignoring the long-term correlation. 128 “A drop in volcanic activity caused warming” Volcanoes have had no warming effect in recent global warming - if anything, a cooling effect. 129 “Renewables can’t provide baseload power”

A combination of renewables supplemented with natural gas can provide baseload power.

130 “Breathing contributes to CO2 buildup” By breathing out, we are simply returning to the air the same CO2 that was there to begin with. 131 “CRU tampered with temperature data” An independent inquiry went back to primary data sources and were able to replicate CRU’s results. 132 “CO2 emissions do not correlate with CO2 concentration” That humans are causing the rise in atmospheric CO2 is confirmed by multiple isotopic analyses. 133 “Water vapor in the stratosphere stopped global warming” This possibility just means that future global warming could be even worse. 134 “Mauna Loa is a volcano” The global trend is calculated from hundreds of CO2 measuring stations and confirmed by satellites. 135 “It’s waste heat” Greenhouse warming is adding 100 times more heat to the climate than waste heat. 136 “Record high snow cover was set in winter 2008/2009” Winter snow cover in 2008/2009 was average while the long-term trend in spring, summer, and annual snow cover is rapid decline. 137 “The sun is getting hotter” The sun has just had the deepest solar minimum in 100 years. 138 “It’s ozone” Ozone has only a small effect. 139 “An exponential increase in CO2 will result in a linear increase in temperature” CO2 levels are rising so fast that unless we decrease emissions, global warming will accelerate this century. 140 “Venus doesn’t have a runaway greenhouse effect”

Venus very likely underwent a runaway or ‘moist’ greenhouse phase earlier in its history, and today is kept hot by a dense CO2 atmosphere.

141 “It warmed just as fast in 1860-1880 and 1910-1940” The warming trend over 1970 to 2001 is greater than warming from both 1860 to 1880 and 1910 to 1940. 142 “Water levels correlate with sunspots” This detail is irrelevant to the observation of global warming caused by humans. 143 “CO2 was higher in the late Ordovician” The sun was much cooler during the Ordovician. 144 “We’re heading into cooling” There is no scientific basis for claims that the planet will begin to cool in the near future. 145 “It’s CFCs” CFCs contribute at a small level. 146 “Scientists retracted claim that sea levels are rising” The Siddall 2009 paper was retracted because its predicted sea level rise was too low. 147 “Warming causes CO2 rise” Recent warming is due to rising CO2. 148 “Antarctica is too cold to lose ice” Glaciers are sliding faster into the ocean because ice shelves are thinning due to warming oceans. 149 “Sea level is not rising” The claim sea level isn’t rising is based on blatantly doctored graphs contradicted by observations. 150 “Greenland has only lost a tiny fraction of its ice mass” Greenland’s ice loss is accelerating & will add metres of sea level rise in upcoming centuries. 151 “DMI show cooling Arctic” While summer maximums have showed little trend, the annual average Arctic temperature has risen sharply in recent decades. 152 “Positive feedback means runaway warming” Positive feedback won’t lead to runaway warming; diminishing returns on feedback cycles limit the amplification.



Dossier | Caso DFK

Affaire DSK: présomption d’innocence ou victime disqualifiée?

Affaire DSK: le mystère de la suite 2806
L'hôtel Sofitel de New York, où séjournait Dominique Strauss-Kahn, le 15 mai 2011.

Dominique Strauss-Kahn le 16 mai 2011 à l'audience au tribunal de New York.

Dominique Strauss-Kahn le 16 mai 2011 à l’audience au tribunal de New York. (© AFP Emmanuel Dunand)

Cronologia dos factos: Strauss-Kahn, l’infernale affaire


DSK filmé pendant son audience au tribunal de Manhattan, le 16 mai.

DSK filmé pendant son audience au tribunal de Manhattan, le 16 mai. (Shannon Stapleton / Reuters)


    Les faits: Dominique Strauss-Kahn a passé sa première nuit en prison, à Rikers Island (lire ici, voir ). Lors de la prochaine comparution, le 20 mai, il fera face à un jury qui décidera de son éventuelle inculpation. Selon l’acte d’accusation, DSK encourt jusqu’à 74 ans de prison.

    Les réactions politiques: Badinter sonne la charge contre le système judiciaire américain. Le parti socialiste réunit son bureau national. Martine Aubry donne la consigne: «Unité, responsabilité, combativité» Fillon et Sarkozy sortent de leur silence

     Lire ici le récit complet des faits, et (re)voir ici en vidéo l’audience. Relire ici le récit de la journée d’hier, et retrouver toutes les infos dans notre dossier spécial sur l’affaire DSK.

    Pour mémoire, le décalage horaire avec New York est de six heures.

    15h40 Selon le site de RMC, la victime présumée ne connaissait pas DSK. Le site s’appuie sur le témoignage d’un ami de la victime qui raconte que la jeune femme a été surprise lorsqu’elle a découvert que son agresseur présumé était président du FMI.

    15 heures, l’heure du tchat avec le journaliste Michel Taubmann, le biographe de DSK, auteur de «Le roman vrai de Dominique Strauss-Kahn» (Ed. du Moment). Ça se passe ici.

    14h05  Un des avocats français de Dominique Strauss-Kahn, Me Dominique de Leusse, prévient qu’une décision sera prise «dans les deux ou trois jours qui viennent», sur des poursuites contre les médias qui diffusent des images de lui menotté. Il juge ces images, «vues à la télévision et dans la presse écrite sont contraires» à la loi Guigou, qui interdit la publication de photos de personnes menottées, «parce qu’elles portent atteinte à la dignité de Dominique Strauss-Kahn et à sa présomption d’innocence au sens de la loi française».

    -> Lire ici notre décryptage sur l’utilisation de ces images

    14 heures Fin du bureau national au PS

    Compte-rendu de Martine Aubry: «Unité, responsabilité, combativité: voilà les trois mots qui sont venus le plus ce matin». La première secrétaire ajoute: «Il y a l’émotion bien sûr, le bouleversement que chacun ressent, mais il y a notre responsabilité: être à la hauteur».

    Martine Aubry, le 17 mai (Reuters).

    «Nous serons au rendez-vous de 2012, a-t-elle assuré. Le PS sera là pour retrouver la France qu’on aime.»

    13h45 Où l’on mesure la taille de la prison de Rikers Island, où a été incarcéré DSK (en cellule individuelle):

    Cliquer là pour agrandir


    13h30 Jean-Marc Ayrault a déclaré devant les députés PS, dont il est le chef de file: «Nous savons qu’il y a une victime, mais nous ne savons pas encore si cette victime est la plaignante ou l’accusé».

    «L’un et l’autre ont le droit au même respect. Nous ne voulons pas donner le sentiment que nous sommes soit dans le lâchage soit que nous le défendons contre les évidences», a poursuivi l’entourage d’Ayrault auprès de l’AFP. «S’il y a tentative de viol, il est un justiciable comme les autres».

    13h05 Après Sarkozy, Fillon sort de son silence. «Si les faits reprochés à Dominique Strauss-Kahn étaient avérés, nous serions en présence d’un acte très grave qui n’appellent aucune excuse», a-t-il estimé devant les députés UMP. Pour le Premier ministre, «c’est une affaire de droit commun, pas une affaire d’Etat». (photo AFP Bertrand Langlois)

    «Nous devons faire preuve de mesure et de responsabilité. Personne ne doit exploiter cette affaire», a-t-il encore dit.

    Le président de l’Assemblée nationale Bernard Accoyer, lui, se contente d’énumérer: «Il y a des accusations très graves qui ont été exprimées par une femme, il y a la justice américaine qui est en marche et il y a la présomption d’innocence.»

    13 heures Pause revue de presse

    Les journaux français, nationaux et régionaux, font toujours leur une sur DSK. Petite sélection:

    Outre-Atlantique, le New York Post, tabloïd en pointe sur cette affaire, poursuit dans le titre choc:


    «Oui, il a eu des relations sexuelles avec la femme de chambre»

    Le site du tabloïd allemand Bild offre sa version, imagée, de ce qu’est la prison de Rikers, où a été incarcéré DSK:

    «Les Ricains foutent le Super-Banquier dans la pire taule de New York»

    12h45 «Il n’y a pas de profil du violeur»

    Plusieurs assos féministes sont choquées du traitement de l’affaire, pointant le «déferlement de blagues sexistes» et le fait qu’on ne parle pas «de ce qu’a pu ressentir» la jeune femme. Pour l’association «Osez le féminisme», les déclarations entendues dans les médias «révèlent une méconnaissance totale du viol». Elle rappelle qu’il n’y a pas de «profil du violeur».

    -> Lire davantage ici.

    12h05 Pendant ce temps, le parti socialiste réunit son bureau national. Selon libération.fr, présent sur place, Pierre Moscovici, Martine Aubry, Bertrand Delanöe, Elisabeth Guigou, Jean-Marc Ayrault, n’ont pas dit un mot. Des Jeunes socialistes jouent les piliers de rugby à l’entrée de Solférino et les journalistes sont très nombreux.

    Ségolène Royal est revenue sur la polémique suscitée par les images de DSK menotté, la candidate à la primaire socialiste parle d’un «déferlement d’images plus violentes les unes que les autres». «Des images d’un homme «comme s’il avait déjà été condamné», ajoute-t-elle, rappelant que DSK «n’a pas encore eu droit à la parole».

    Pour le strauss-kahnien Gérard Collomb, «il y a eu le moment de l’accusation, terrible. Dans les prochains jours, [DSK] pourra s’exprimer, se défendre».

    Quant aux enjeux pour le PS, le maire de Lyon considère que le parti «doit être rassemblé, doit montrer aux Français qu’il est prêt à prendre des responsabilités».

    Pour Laurent Fabius, «c’est une situation terrible sur le plan humain et très difficile sur le plan politique. Il faut faire preuve de beaucoup de retenue quant aux faits. On attend de nous l’unité».

    Midi pile Suite de la polémique sur les images montrant DSK menotté

    Le Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel appelle les chaînes «à la plus grande retenue» et rappelle que «la loi du 15 juin 2000 renforçant la protection de la présomption d’innocence et les droits des victimes punit d’une amende la diffusion, sur tout support, d’une image faisant apparaître menottée ou entravée une personne, quelle qu’elle soit, qui n’a pas fait l’objet d’une condamnation».

    Montage photos Reuters

    Pour le CSA, dont le communiqué ne cite pas DSK, «le principe de la liberté d’expression et le droit à l’information ne doivent pas méconnaître le fait que de telles images sont susceptibles de porter atteinte au respect de la dignité de ces personnes».

    11h40 Sans citer DSK, Nicolas Sarkozy a appelé ce mardi, lors du petit-déjeuner hebdomadaire de la majorité, au «travail, au sang-froid, au courage, à l’unité» et à «la dignité», selon un participant.

    11h15 A l’image de Robert Badinter, qui voit dans la parade de DSK menotté «une mise à mort médiatique», Jack Lang dénonce une «mise au pilori médiatique». Tout en appelant à «respecter la jeune femme», Martine Aubry souligne que, pour le moment,«nous n’avons entendu que les propos d’un procureur dont le travail est d’aller à charge».

    Copé considère qu’on a «fait le tour du sujet» et que le sort de DSK relève maintenant «de la justice américaine, avec l’application du droit commun».

    Fillon et Sarkozy sont toujours muets.

    -> Toutes les réactions ici.

    10h30 Où l’on apprend où se trouve la prison de Rikers Island:

    Prison, qui de loin et dans le brouillard, fout les jetons:

    Shannon Stapleton / Reuters

    9h15 Selon Alba Ventura, journaliste à RTL, Dominique Strauss-Kahn et Ségolène Royal avaient prévu de se voir, ce mardi à Paris, pour «acter le ralliement» de la présidente de Poitou-Charentes à la candidature de DSK à la primaire socialiste. L’ex-candidate (PS) à la présidentielle avait tenté d’intégrer, fin 2010, le «pacte» entre Martine Aubry et le patron du FMI… avant d’entrer par surprise dans la compétition.

    8h20 Robert Badinter, ancien garde des Sceaux, sur France Inter, se dit «bouleversé et indigné» par cette «mise à mort médiatique volontaire» de DSK, dont il rappelle être «l’ami», ainsi que de son épouse Anne Sinclair.Badinter ne «reproche pas la publication de la photo» mais dénonce «ceux qui ont organisé» cette «mise en scène».

    (photo AFP Bertrand Guay)

    «Un homme qu’on accable avant même qu’on sache quoi que ce soit sur le fond (…) où est le respect de la présomption d’innocence?» «J’y vois la défaillance d’un système.» «C’est une destruction délibérée, c’est indigne, ça n’a rien à voir avec la justice américaine.» «Pourquoi n’a-t-il pas été mis en liberté sous caution? Parce qu’il est Français ? Parce qu’il dirige le FMI?»

    -> Sur la polémique suscitée par la publication des images de DSK menotté, lire ici.

    8h15 L’ex-ministre de la Justice Elisabeth Guigou (PS) appelle, sur Europe 1, à faire «très attention à l’équilibre des informations» en France face à une justice américaine qui laisse «très peu de place à la défense». «Je suis bouleversée et j’ai trouvé les images écoeurantes», déclare-t-elle au sujet de la comparution de DSK.

    «Nous voulons savoir la vérité. Or jusqu’à présent nous n’avons entendu que le procureur et toutes les informations qui ont été données vont dans un seul sens», la culpabilité du directeur général du FMI, souligne-t-elle. «En France heureusement, on ne fonctionne pas comme ça et on a un juge d’instruction qui instruit à charge et à décharge.»

    6 heures «Le juge rejette la liberté sous caution du patron du FMI», à la une du New York Times ce matin:

    (Pour les anglophones, l’article est à lire ici)

    5 heures Un sondage internet Harris Acrive publié mardi par Le Parisien/Aujourd’hui en France place François Hollande le grand bénéficiaire d’une probable mise hors-jeu de Dominique Strauss-Kahn pour la primaire socialiste à la présidentielle.

    Hollande serait dans cette hypothèse le candidat préféré par 49% des sympathisants socialistes et 37% des sympathisants de gauche, loin devant tous les autres candidats déclarés ou non aux primaires socialistes: Martine Aubry obtient respectivement 23% et 22% des voix, Ségolène Royal 10% et 14%, Arnaud Montebourg 1% et 4%, et Manuel Valls 3% et 2%.

    Pour le moment, le calendrier de la primaire est maintenu, a fait savoir le porte-parole Benoît Hamon. Mais les cartes sont évidemment rebattues (lire ici).

    Minuit On apprend que Dominique Strauss-Kahn est sur le point d’être conduit à la prison de Rikers Island à New York, où il bénéficiera d’une cellule individuelle.

    (L’entrée de la prison de Rikers Island. Photo Reuters)

    La prison de Rikers Island occupe toute une île de l’East River, au nord du quartier du Queens, au large de l’aéroport La Guardia. Elle abrite dix des 15 centres de détention à New York, 14.000 personnes y sont détenues. (Lire ici)

    23h50 Le chef de file des ministres des Finances de la zone euro, Jean-Claude Juncker, se dit «profondément attristé» après l’incarcération du patron du FMI Dominique Strauss-Kahn.

    20 heures (heure française) lundi Les sept chefs d’accusation énoncés à l’encontre de Dominique Strauss-Kahn par la justice américaine sont passibles de peines de prison pouvant aller jusqu’à 74 ans et trois mois au total, révèlent lundi des documents judiciaires. Deux accusations de crime sexuel au premier degré, tentative de viol au premier degré, agression sexuelle au premier degré, séquestration au second degré, agression sexuelle au troisième degré et attouchements non consentis. Le détail des faits présumés reprochés est à lire ici.

    Fonte: Liberation



    A prisão de Strauss-Kahn na Imprensa Internacional

    NY Times

    I.M.F. Chief’s Arrest Creates Confusion in French Politics

    Politicians and media met news of the arrest Dominique Strauss-Kahn’s arrest in New York in connection with a sexual attack with expressions of national humiliation.

    I.M.F. Chief Arrested and Charged With Sexual Assault

    Mr. Strauss-Kahn was taken from John F. Kennedy International Airport and accused of attacking a hotel maid, the authorities said

    The Wall Street Journal

    Financial Times

    IMF head faces attempted rape charge

    A member of the NYPD's crime scene unit enters the Sofitel

    Strauss-Kahn ‘will deny all charges’ says defence lawyer

    The Guardian

    Le Monde

    Strauss-Kahn nie les faits qui lui sont reprochés 106

    Selon ses avocats, Dominique Strauss-Kahn a l'intention de plaider non-coupable.

    Le directeur du FMI est inculpé par le parquet de New York d’agression sexuelle, de séquestration et de tentative de viol, après dépôt d’une plainte d’une employée d’hôtel. Suivez la situation en direct.

    DSK a été inculpé d’agression sexuelle par le parquet de New York

     «Cela arrive trop tôt», coquette l’entourage de Sarkozy

    Les suites judiciaires de l’affaire DSK

    Quelle immunité pour le patron du FMI ?

    Une inculpation qui bouleverse la donne

    Comment l’avenir de DSK s’est assombri

    Le Liberation


    Anne Sinclair «ne croit pas une seule seconde aux accusations» portées contre son mari

    Dominique Strauss-Kahn.

    Au fil de la journée

    Dominique Strauss-Kahn, arrêté à New York et inculpé d’agression sexuelle, va plaider non coupable. 

    DOSSIER L’affaire DSK

    The NY Post

    IMF head Strauss-Kahn charged with attempted rape of hotel maid

    IMF head Strauss-Kahn charged with attempted rape of hotel maid

    The French political bigshot who heads the International Monetary Fund was arrested for allegedly sodomizing a Manhattan hotel maid yesterday — hauled off an Air France flight just moments before…  Read Full Story

    Le Figaro

    Les deux précédentes affaires sexuelles qui gênent DSK

    Les deux précédentes affaires sexuelles qui gênent DSK<br/>

    VIDEO - Le directeur général du FMI, inculpé dimanche d’agression sexuelle, avait déjà été au coeur d’affaires de moeurs en 2002 et 2008.
    » ANALYSE AUDIO - «Sa carrière va s’arrêter beaucoup plus tôt que prévu»

    Anne Sinclair prend la défense de son mari inculpé d’agression sexuelle

    Réactions (1016)

    Le directeur du FMI, qui a été arrêté samedi soir après la plainte d’une femme de chambre d’un hôtel de Manhattan, devrait être présenté dans la journée à un juge. Il plaidera «non-coupable». Sa femme ne doute pas de son innocence.

    . .

    Sarcelles soutient Strauss-Kahn
    et parle d’une «manipulation»

    Réactions (2)

    Dans l’ex-fief de Dominique Strauss-Kahn, inculpé à New York d’agression sexuelle, la surprise en grande ce dimanche. Habitants et élus sont stupéfaits et mettent en doute les faits relatés.
    » À New York, des Français expriment leur «honte»

    . .

    Dominique Strauss-Kahn
    risque 20 ans de prison

    Réactions (2)

    La comparution de l’ancien ministre devant un juge new-yorkais qui doit décider de l’incarcérer ou non n’est que la première étape de la procédure judiciaire accusatoire qui pourrait valoir 20 ans de prison au patron du FMI.

    . . .

    PS : l’affaire DSK chamboule la primaire

    Réactions (46)

    Le retrait probable du directeur général du FMI renforce les chances de François Hollande et de Martine Aubry, alors que Ségolène Royal n’a renoncé à rien.
    » Martine Aubry veut réunir un conseil politique
    » Un coup de massue pour le PS

    . .

    DSK : la classe politique est sidérée

    Réactions (223)

    RÉACTIONS - La gauche, stupéfaite, et la droite, qui évoque une humiliation, appellent néanmoins à la prudence après l’inculpation pour agression sexuelle de Dominique Strauss-Kahn.
    » DSK inculpé «d’agression sexuelle» à New York

    . . .

    «DSK a imposé au FMI
    le rôle de l’État »


    DSK, menacé de perdre la tête du FMI, est reconnu pour avoir bien géré la crise économique et financière mondiale. Le Fonds, qui reste «opérationnel», sera réprésenté à l’Eurogroupe qui se tient à partir de ce lundi soir.
    » Reste-t-il un capitaine à la tête du FMI ?

    . . .

    Ces politiques épinglés pour des écarts sexuels

    Réactions (2)

    EN IMAGES - De Bill Clinton à Silvio Berlusconi, en passant par Moshé Katzav, retour sur ces personnalités politiques qui ont fait face à la justice ou leurs instances politiques pour leur comportements sexuels.

    The Washington Post

    IMF chief arrested in alleged sex assault at a Manhattan hotel

    Dominique Strauss-Kahn was removed from a Paris-bound flight in New York and arrested in the alleged sexual assault of a hotel worker, police said.

    El Pais

    Strauss-Kahn se declarará inocente de agresión sexual

    El presidente del FMI fue arrestado anoche en el aeropuerto JFK de Nueva York en un avión con rumbo a París. Está acusado de abusar sexualmente de una camarera en el hotel donde se alojaba. Hoy declara ante el juez

    El arresto de Strauss-Kahn sacude de arriba abajo la política francesa

    El arresto de Strauss-Kahn sacude de arriba abajo la política francesa


    Royal defiende “la presunción de inocencia” de Strauss-Kahn. Le Pen asegura que está desacreditado para la política

    No, he Kahn’t

    CLAUDI PÉREZ | Madrid

    El francés ha revitalizado el FMI otorgándole un papel decisivo en la respuesta a la crisis. Su legado queda en el aire

    Detenido en EE UU el director del FMI por agresión sexual a una camarera

    El polémico tren de vida de un líder socialista francés

    El abogado de Strauss-Kahn asegura que su representado se declarará inocente de la agresión sexual

    Slate Magazine

    IMF Head Arrested Over Hotel Sex Attack


    Diário Económico:

    A prisão de Kahn na imprensa internacional


    Todos os jornais de referência fizeram manchete com a prisão do presidente do Fundo Monetário Internacional.

    A notícia da prisão do presidente do Fundo Monetário Internacional correu mundo. Tanto o ‘Wall Street Journal’ como o ‘The Financial Times’ fazem manchete nas suas edições online com o episódio ocorrido em Nova Iorque.

    O primeiro, que ilustra a página principal como uma foto de Kahn, escreve “Chefe do FMI acusado de tentativa de agressão sexual”, acrescentando que as hipóteses de Nicolas Sarkozy vencer as eleições presidenciais de 2012 aumentaram drasticamente.

    Já o FT ilustra a notícia com uma fotografia do hotel Sofitel, em Nova Iorque e cita o advogado do presidente do FMI. “Ele vai negar todas as acusações.”

    Para os jornais franceses, a carreira de Kahn está a chegar ao fim. “Já em 2008, a carreira estava ameaçada”, escreve o ‘Le Figaro’, referindo-se a outro episódio de escândalo sexual, em que o presidente do Fundo foi suspeito de manter um relacionamento extra-conjugal com uma das suas subordinadas que acabou por sair do FMI.

    Por sua vez, o ‘Libération’ coloca na manchete uma fotografia de Kahn com as mãos no rosto e cita Anne Sinclair, a mulher do presidente do FMI. “Não acredito que ele esteja a ser acusado outra vez por assédio sexual.”

    O diário ‘The New York Times’ escreve “Patrão do FMI acusado de agressão sexual dentro de um hotel”. O Washington Post’ escreve “Chefe do FMI preso por agressão sexual”.

    Por fim, o site da CNN confirmou que Dominique Strauss-Kahn vai declarar-se inocente em Tribunal.

    Ladislau Dowbor

    Alguns textos básicos do Prof. Ladislau Dowbor. São artigos publicados em diversos livros ou revistas, que se referem a algumas linhas de pesquisa desenvolvidas no quadro da PUC de São Paulo, UMESP, UNICEF, SENAC e outras instituições.

    # Homepage: http://dowbor.org

    Documentos que vale conferir:

    Em Artigos Online, “Cultura e Desenvolvimento" , e "Há vida inteligente no horizonte teórico dos economistas?" (maio 2011)

    Em Dicas de Leitura, Cognitive surplus (Excedente cognitivo) de Clay Shirky. (abr 2011)

    Em Artigos Recebidos, o recente estudo de Perry Anderson sobre os anos do governo Lula.

    Em Artigos Online, confira Intellectuals in a network e também a versão atualizada de Economic Democracy. (mar. 2011)

    Veja em Pesquisas Conexas, Bancos Comunitários de desenvolvimento, dissertação de Daniel Bruno Garcia. (fev.2011)

    Confira em Pílulas, o “Manifesto de economistas defende controle de capital”, e também o estudo do IPEA sobre os gastos sociais. (fev.2011)

    Em Artigos Online, veja a íntegra de Cultura Digital.br, coletânea de artigos organizada por Rodrigo Savazoni e Sergio Cohn. (jan.2011)

    Em Artigos Online, confira a atualização do ensaio Democracia Econômica (dez. 2010) e também sua versão atualizada em inglês.

    Em Pílulas, Quem tem medo do Wikileaks? artigo de Manuel Castells publicado no La Vanguardia (dez 2010)

    Confira em Pesquisas Conexas, o trabalho de Pedro Fernandes Saad sobre Educação à distância (veja a íntegra). (dez.2010).

    Em Pesquisas Conexas, comentário sobre o estudo de Claiton José de Mello sobre desenvolvimento local no Piauí. (dez. 2010)

    Em Livros em Colaboração, vejam Políticas para o Desenvolvimento Local, organizado por Ladislau Dowbor e Márcio Pochmann (dez. 2010).

    Em artigos recebidos, veja Why the IMF and the international monetary system nedd more than cosmetic reform de Yilmaz Akyuz (nov.2010).

    Em Dicas de Leitura, comentário sobre La hora de la igualdad: brechas por cerrar, caminos por abrir, da CEPAL (nov.2010).

    Em Artigos Online, leia Semear o ódio não ajuda (out. 2010).

    Acesse em Livros em Colaboração, a obra “Riscos e oportunidades em tempos de mudança” (out. 2010).

    Veja em Artigos Recebidos, “A inflexão do governo Lula: política econômica, crescimento e distribuição de renda" (out. 2010).

    Cf. também:


    Conheça o Blog Crise e Oportunidade sob coordenação de Ignacy Sachs, Carlos Lopes e Ladislau Dowbor, com o objetivo de identificar na crise global as oportunidades que permitam enfrentar os desafios da desigualdade e da sustentabilidade ambiental.


    Dossiê de textos recebidos e selecionados sobre a crise financeira, posicionamentos mais significativos. Textos na íntegra. http://dowbor.org/crise.asp


    A política de apoio ao desenvolvimento local tem um documento com 89 propostas práticas. Veja, divulgue, é importante. Texto em “Artigos” deste site.